Organs of the abdominal cavity, organs of the abdomen

You may be wondering what organs are in the abdominal cavity, and from which they are then in the abdominal cavity. This article describes the various organs in the abdominal cavity. In this article you will find a description of the various organs and the location. Organs that are in the abdominal cavity are located, the liver, the spleen, the stomach, the small intestine and the colon and gall bladder. Below is an overview of the various organs of the abdominal cavity:

The liver
The abdominal cavity is bounded at the top by the diaphragm. The diaphragm is located directly below the lungs. The liver is located on the right side directly beneath the diaphragm. The liver is shaped like a triangle with the widest side lies directly beneath the diaphragm and the apex downwards. The liver is the chemical factory of the body. The liver is very important in maintaining blood glucose levels, detoxify the body, producing bile, etc …

The stomach
The stomach is located on the left side directly beneath the diaphragm. The esophagus enters the stomach. The esophagus passes through a hole in the diaphragm in to the stomach. The stomach can be seen as a ‘bag’. This bag has a large curvature, which is located on the right side of the stomach and a small curvature, which is located on the left side of the stomach. The stomach is a temporary storage of food. Also, the food in the stomach is disinfected by the gastric juice. In the stomach food is also kneaded.

The gall bladder
The gall bladder is located under the liver. He is connected with the liver through various ducts. The gall bladder stores bile. Bile emulsifies fats. Emulsifying is making small droplets of fat from a big fat droplet.

The pancreas
The pancreas is located below the stomach. It is located between the spleen and duodenum. The head of the pancreas is located exactly in the first curve of the small intestine, immediately after the start of the small intestine from the stomach. The pancreas plays a very important role in digestion, because the pancreas secretes important digestive enzymes . The pancreas also plays an important role in regulating blood glucose. The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released after a meal and causes the body cells to take up glucose. In the liver and muscle cells glucose can be stored in the form of glycogen. When blood glucose decreases, glucagon will be secreted by the pancreas. Glucagon causes glucose release from the breakdown of glycogen.

The spleen
The spleen is located on the left side of the stomach directly to the long tail of the pancreas. The spleen is further back than the stomach. The spleen plays a role in the manufacturing of white blood cells. Read more about the spleen. In article the spleen.

The small intestine
The small intestine consists of the duodenum, the jejunum and the ileum. The small intestine is a hollow tube which extends from the pyloric sphincter to the ileocecal valve. The small intestine starts with the duodenum.  After the duodenum starts the jejunum and after the jejenum starts the ileum. In the small intestine, food is digested and absorbed.

The large intestine The large intestine consists in the cecum, appendix, colon, rectum and anal canal of the in the large intestine. In the lower right-hand quadrant of the abdominal cavity is directly after the ileocecal valve the the cecum. The cecum is the first part of the large intestine. Thereafter, the large intestine is consisted in appendix, colon, rectum, and anal canal. The large intestine can also be divided in a the ascending colon (left side), transversal colon (left to right) and descending colon (right side). The large intestine starts with the ascending colon, then the transversal colon, and finally the descending colon.The colon is particularly important in the storage of . In the last part of the colon, the sigmoid, the faeces storage of residues and absorbing Vitamin K, and the remaining water. Vitamin K plays an important role in blood clotting.

The kidneys
The kidneys are located on the left and on the right in the dorsal side of the abdominal cavity at about the level of the pancreas. The kidneys also play an important role in the detoxification of the body. The kidneys also produce erythropoietin (EPO). EPO is an important hormone in the production of red blood cells. The kidneys also activate the Vitamin D, regulate the blood pressure, and make glucose from proteins during prolonged fasting. The kidneys and adrenal glands also produces hormones (norepinephrine, epinephrine, glucose and mineral corticosteroids, ADH, aldosterone, etc …).

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The spleen